What Are Terpenoids?

medical

Cannabinoids get a lot of attention in the cannabis world. THC, CBD, and THCA are all studied heavily and reported on frequently. However, there is another element to cannabis that is just as important: terpenoids.

By definition, terpenoids (or isoprenoids), are a subclass of the prenyllipids (terpenes, prenylquinones, and sterols), which represent the oldest group of small molecular products synthesized by plants and are probably the most widespread group of natural products.
Terpenoids can be described as modified terpenes, where methyl groups are moved or removed, or oxygen atoms added. Inversely, some authors use the term “terpenes” more broadly, to include the terpenoids.

Terpenoids are what gives cannabis its flavor, color, and smell. They exist in all plants and fungi and over 50,000 terpenoids have been isolated! There are around 200 that are present in cannabis alone. And they provide incredible therapeutic value.

They work synergistically with cannabinoids and each other in a synergistic process known as ‘the entourage effect‘ to help create certain outcomes. Whether terpenes increase bioaccessibility of cannabinoids or vice versa, terpenes have been connected to the flavor and aroma of the plant whereas cannabinoids are well-known to influence effects. For example, myrcene is known to increase the potency of THC and also to increase the “sleepy” part of smoking bud. It’s present in mangoes, which is why there’s that old stoner lore that eating a mango while smoking will increase your high.  

The presence of specific terpenoids can affect whether a strain is more indica-ish or sativa-ish and how your body responds to the strain. They also add to the entire experience of smoking through their ability to create certain smells, colors, and taste. 

So, the next time you go to pick out some herb look for a terpenoid report. It may help you choose the strain that works best, and can answer some of your questions as to why one may work better for you and why another just isn’t your jam.

 

Here are a few awesome resources to keep the learning rolling with terpenoids:

https://www.marijuana.com/news/2018/01/know-your-medicine-terpenoids/

https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/cannabinoids-terpenoids-the-future-of-cannabis-connoisseurship

January 31, 2018

by Shasta Nelson

Profile photo of Shasta Nelson
Shasta Nelson is a California Native and a cannabis connoisseur. She's been involved in the industry at every level since she was a teenager. Currently she provides content for Roottie, DOPE Magazine, and Terpenes and Testing. She's also a creative writer, with a graphic novel underway.

Discussion

roottie-cannabis-golf
A Slice Of Golf & Cannabis
roottie-understand-cannabis
Understanding Today’s Marijuana Users
roottie-sewage-thc
Testing Sewage To Determine Cannabis Consumption
roottie-cannabis-aesthetic
Applying Cannabis To Our Lifestyle Aesthetic
roottie-canada-legalization
Canadian Cannabis Legalization Bill Passes Senate Vote
roottie-UK-cannabis
UK Is The #1 Producer & Exporter Of Cannabis
roottie-mary-grow-indoor
Mary: The Company Bringing The Home Grow Solution
roottie-branded-swag-ban
Could We See A Canadian Ban On Canna-Swag?
roottie-cook-oil-weed
Turn Your Vaporized Cannabis Into Medicated Cooking Oil
roottie-Pharmaceuticals-cannabis
How Cannabis Interacts With Pharmaceuticals
roottie-grinspoon-marijuana
Hats Off To Dr. Grinspoon
roottie-cannabis-heart
How Does Cannabis Affect Heart Health
roottie-organic-cannabis
Organic Cannabis
roottie-australia-cannabis
Australia Eyeing Recreational Cannabis
roottie-black-market
The Black Market Will Fight Back
roottie-cannabis-legal-C45
Canada Is One Step Away From Legalizing Cannabis